Sunday, May 24, 2020
Knowledge may be socially constructed on the basis of language used to describe it. Knowledge has purpose beyond the more transfer of information or facts. Member of an army engaged in a war usually know that their cause is right and that of the enemy is wrong. there cause are differ. Thus, knowledge can be perceived as true or false because of its source. Soldiers follow their officers, children follow their parents and citizens follow their law - makers because they know that orders from these with the relevant authority are to be obeyed. Language, shapes what we see and what we know. One acquires language, with a social environment, one learns to use different sorts of language in different situations. Vocabulary andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Western social scientist studies relation between their form of knowledge and religions knowledge, sometimes religion was even opposed to science and progress. Social scientist are more concerned with how religions knowledge is produced and affect peoples lives than they are with questions of the inherent truth or falsity of be belief. Some new social movements in the 60s and 70s in Europe and the USA crossed the boundaries between politics, religion and science (fore example the womens movement challenged particularly and its orthodoxies in tradition politics, medicine and health care and in the established church and in organized religions. The development of a scientific method of inquiry began in the age of Enlightment. This approach was increasingly influential in many parts of world. The claims of science and faith become a feature of the modern - world society. Knowledge is socially constructed perhaps on the basis of faith - teaching or in terms of what scientist call first principles. The scientific method aims to maintain the impartiality of the inquirer in both the identification of evidence and its assessment; this can be show in the circuit of knowledge. (Figure 2.1) (It begin with questions then claim, evidence and finally with evolution). Most social scientists would claim either to endeavor to minimize the influence of value on their work, orShow MoreRelatedWhat Is Inside The Skin, And How Do We Know About It?1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSkinner wanted to seek and understand all behaviour with organisms; Ã¢â¬Å"what is inside the skin, and how do we know about it?Ã¢â¬ (Skinner, 1974, p.218). His philosophy stated that there was an interaction between the evolutionary or biological history and environmental interaction with the organism (Skinner, 1953). This lead on to the three basic assumptions to the philosophy of radical behaviourism. The first is that private events such as thoughts and feelings can be described as behaviours; secondlyRead MoreHow Advertising Works: What Do We Really Know?2905 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesHow does advertising work? Introduction Advertising is a very important tool in order to make sure a product will be sold and to make sure a company is earning money. It is also one of the most important tools in order to get customers to buy a product or want a service. Ineffective advertising can not only cost the company a lot of money but it can even have a negative influence on the image customers have on a product or brand. So how to set up an effective and positive advertisement is somethingRead MorePlato s Theory Of Recollection1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe general topic is PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of recollection. Is PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory of Recollection the plausible solution to MenoÃ¢â¬â¢s Paradox of Knowledge? Throughout many of his dialogues Plato often concludes that we cannot know something through our senses. He often concludes that we became acquainted with our knowledge in a previous existence. In Meno, Socrates states that, Ã¢â¬Å"As the soul is immortal, has been born often, and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned;Read MoreIs Plato s Theory Of Recollection A Plausible Solution For Meno s Paradox Of Knowledge?960 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesKnowledge? The general topic is PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of recollection. Is PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory of Recollection the plausible solution to MenoÃ¢â¬â¢s Paradox of Knowledge? Throughout many of his dialogues Plato often concludes that we cannot know something through our senses. He often concludes that we became acquainted with our knowledge in a previous existence. In Meno, Socrates states that, Ã¢â¬Å"As the soul is immortal, has been born often, and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing whichRead MoreShould Have A Spiritual Realization?1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages/ Would have What can one do to have a spiritual realization? I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what you can do. I only know what I can do. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what anyone should do. Perhaps there is nothing you should do, and thinking there is confuses us to the point that we donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what to do. There is certainly something you could do; even so, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what that is. When you know what you can do, then youÃ¢â¬â¢ll know what you could do, and what to do. Those who can, do what they can. What they do is personal andRead MoreThe Truth Behind Jfk s Assassination1510 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKennedy on November 22nd,, 1963. Many argue that we will never know the complete truth of what happened that day, and to an extent that is true. Peter Ling, author of the article Ã¢â¬Å"Killing KennedyÃ¢â¬ argues that because of the ill performed and confused investigation of the assassination, too many details have been lost for us to ever find out the entire truth about the events that took place that day. There are others who believe that the evidence we already have is sufficient, even if some was muddledRead MoreThe Scientific Study Of Epistemology817 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslike me, science is a fact; but Ã¢â¬Å"how did it get in that way?Ã¢â¬ And, Ã¢â¬Å"how do we know that we know?Ã¢â¬ These fundamental questions are part of the scientific study of epistemology. Epistemology describes the nature and scope of science, it is known as Ã¢â ¬Å"theory of knowledgeÃ¢â¬ , and it is fundamental to any learning. In this assay I will focused on scientific epistemology, and how several authors have tried to answer the questions: Ã¢â¬Å"What is knowledge?Ã¢â¬ And Ã¢â¬Å"How do we know?Ã¢â¬ Philosophy and science get intoRead MoreThe Truth Essay548 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages How can we define truth when we donÃ¢â¬â¢t even know the interpretations of what truth is? What I found very interesting was this quote Half of a truth is not the Truth. I believe that when we tell the truth we never tell 100% of the truth. We might be embarrassed about the whole truth or maybe we just donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to tell how we handled the situation so we remove our part or change our part from the truth. Telling the truth is hard, we never know how the oppositeRead MoreShort Essay : What God Expects From A Man856 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhat God Expects From A Man Well, thank the Lord that all you brothers are here this morning; its an absolute delight to be in the house of the Lord this morning. The Bible says how good and pleasant it is for brothers to dwell together in unity. We all have common, similar problems. We may not like to admit it, but every one of us has issues and challenges that we deal with on a daily basis, and the first thing we have to do is admit that we have challenges, especially for those who are marriedRead MoreThe Philosophy Of Pessimism And Skepticism1328 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHow do we know things for certain? How can I be certain of the things I consider to be true? The only way we can know things for certain is through doubting the things we think we know, also known as skepticism. In this paper I will argue that skepticism is the best way to know things for certain because it acknowledges the presence of cognitive dissonance, self-justification and the things we can learn by questioning. I will proceed as follows: I will outline the concepts of skepticism, according
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Not Ready for Freedom in The Awakeningnbsp;nbsp;nbsp; In Kate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s The Awakening, the main character, Edna Pontellier makes a very long, painful journey into her inner self. At the end of this journey she discovers that she is not strong enough to adopt a life in which a woman is her own woman and lives for herself. This forces her to choose the only other option available to her. I think the propriety with which Edna struggles (and most often gives in to) as she begins to discover who she is and what she wants creates a thick, almost suffocating atmosphere of tension. So much so that I was relieved that she decided to take her own life, as it had evolved into a torturous existence. I thought it unfair that Edna wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Edna has the Ã¢â¬Å"fortuneÃ¢â¬ to be considered the Ã¢â¬Å"sole objectÃ¢â¬ of her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"existence.Ã¢â¬ This is at best confusing, since Mr. Pontellier spends the greater part of his time exiting: for work, KleinÃ¢â¬â¢s hotel, etc. It stands to reason that Edna would develop a resentment toward this man who claims to cherish her to the point of obsession, yet performs a ritual Ã¢â¬Å"leavingÃ¢â¬ as if it were second nature.It was interesting to note that Edna and Leonce had only been married six years---one usually perceives an Ã¢â¬Å"awakeningÃ¢â¬ to occur in conjunction with a Ã¢â¬Å"mid-lifeÃ¢â¬ crisis of sorts, and Edna and Leonce were young, vibrant people with small children. This story is set in New Orleans, Louisiana (and surrounding parishes), and although Louisiana is certainly the Deep South, there are many differences, many cultural nuances that are peculiar to Louisiana alone. I believe these cultural influences play an important role in the Ã¢â¬Å"awakeningÃ¢â¬ of Edna Pontellier. Creole women (and men) live by a different code than other inhabitants of Louisiana, and the entire Deep South, for that matter.. Creole culture is bound by a lust for life. Ã¢â¬Å"Le bon ton roulleÃ¢â¬ (let the good times roll) is an often heard phrase in Louisiana. I was born in New Orleans, but grew up in Mobile, AL, 150 miles away. I was keenly aware of the significant differences in the cultural attitudes of Mobile and New Orleans. Visiting New Orleans constantly only strengthened the pull and fascination the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
| Assignment 2 | The Fiscal and Monetary Policy and Economic Fluctuations | | | 12/1/2013 | | An economy is the wealth and resources of a country or a region. Economy mainly refers to the consumption of goods and services in a specific country or region. The United States of America is known across the entire world as having the largest economy. The economy in the United States today is now where near what it was many years ago. The current economic situation has the country trying to regain its high economic status. The United States economy is really not good in its current state, but somewhat better than it was five years ago. Many people are not aware of the problem that we have in this country. I think thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(www.latimes.com) In an effort to boost the drowning economy, the federal government determined that the need was greater for the credit situation than the savings situation. (www.latimes.com) According to an article in the L.A. times, corporate America has earned more today than they did at the end of 2008. I think that inflat ion is a problem today for sure. The main problem with inflation in the United States is the rising costs of rents and medical supplies and expenses. Ã¢â¬Å"Inflation is sustained increases in the average prices of all goods and services.Ã¢â¬ (Osullivan) Today inflation has caused increases. According to the report on the Consumer Price Index (CPI), consumer prices were up 0.1% effective August 2013. (usinflationcalculator.com) The consumer price index measures changes in the price level of a market or basically how much we as consumers pay for goods and services in the United States. It is reported today that inflation is somewhat under control because the rate is less than 4%. I think that the housing inflation was worse five years ago compared to today. Consumers were losing houses due to unemployment and affordability. Many consumers had home loans and interest rates that they really could not afford. The prices of housing were much lower five years ago versus toda y. The prices of houses are higher now and people would need toShow MoreRelatedEconomics And Economics On Economics Essay1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen we talk about economics we must first defined the word. Economics is a social science that studies human behavior and how to allocate our limited (scares) resources, efficiently and effectively to meet our unlimited human wants. Now as we dive deeper in to the field of economics we realized that there are two separate categories that the study of economics breaks off into. The first is macroeconomics, macroeconomics is the study of the whole picture when it comes to economics. Macroeconomics willRead MoreEconomics : Economics And Micro Economics1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Economics is the study of how our unlimited demand of certain things can be met by our limited amount of supply. For instance, if there was an unlimited amount of money for everyone, then everyone would have everything they had always wanted and would not have to work to get the money. Everyone would have billion dollar homes and the nicest cars in the world. Unfortunately, we do have a limited amount of money, so the economists find ways to get around that. There are two types of economicsRead MoreEconomics : Economics Of Business1361 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHND Accounting Economics FINAL REPORT: The Economics of Business DUE DATE: 20 May 2015 Catherine Macintosh 11006620 For the attention of Sarah Sutherland Word count: 1,243 (Excluding Acknowledgements, Abstract/Executive Summary, Terms of Reference, References Appendices TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1.0 Costs 3 1.1 Total costs 3 1.2 Average costs Read MoreEconomics1291 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshis profit. Do you agree? Use a graph to illustrate your answer. The argument is incorrect. As the graph shows, a reduction in marginal cost will cause a monopolist to reduce his price. 2. Economist Harvey Leibenstein argued that the loss of economic efficiency in industries that are not perfectly competitive has been understated. He argued that when competition is weak, firms are under less pressure to adopt the best techniques or to hold down their costs. He referred to this effect as x-inefficiencyRead MoreEconomics1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesresource is inefficient it means the resources are not used in the best distribution by firms or organizations. An ETS is executed when the environment has been polluted and the government intervenes in order to control the pollution by providing economic encouragements towards the firms and organizations to reduce the amount of pollution emitted in the environment (Brown* 2001). When ETS is implemented it reduces the pollution of the environment caused by different firms thus making it its main goalRead MoreEconomics1654 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿1. What is the Ã¢â¬Ëeconomic problemÃ¢â¬â¢? The fundamental economic problem is related to the issue of scarcity. Scarcity means that resources are limited and short in supply in the world (e.g. diamond). Because of limited resources and unlimited demands, society needs to decide how much to produce and distribute these relatively scarce resources. The basic economic problem can be define as what to produce, how much to produce and for whom to produce. Some countries are lucky to have great naturalRead MoreEconomics999 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesManagerial Economics MIDTERM Exam What changes can you envision to the real economy, should RifkinÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of a zero marginal cost society, become reality? For me, Jeremy Rifkin is a great social theorist. IÃ¢â¬â¢m mostly agreeing with him, with his conclusions and visions of the future economy. They looks like perfect and definitely itÃ¢â¬â¢s a Ã¢â¬Å"think bigÃ¢â¬ way of delivering the information. His book Ã¢â¬Å"The Zero Marginal Cost SocietyÃ¢â¬ is must read, of course. Trigger is a zero marginal cost. IÃ¢â¬â¢m completelyRead MoreEconomics1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesconsumer change, there will be a much greater change in the production output in the capital equipment required to make those consumer goods. This change in the production of capital equipment, that is , investment spending speeds up the rate of economic growth or slump Since we are focused on short-run business-cycle fluctuations here, it is reasonable to ignore changes in K/Y that may be associated with long-run advances in technology. 15 Ã¢â¬â 10 proportional to the level of output in t, Kt Read MoreEconomics1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMF 7701 Managerial Economics Quiz #1 Fall 2014 Instructions: 1. You may work on this quiz alone or with as many other students as you wish. If you work with other students, please submit only one (common) answer. 2. You may not talk about this exam with anyone outside of the two managerial economics sections. 3. You may work with people from the other section if they are taking this course. In all cases, please submit only one, common answer. 4. You must e-mail your finalRead MoreEconomic Growth And Economic Development917 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEconomic growth refers to an increase in the capacity for an economy to produce goods and services as compared from one period of time to another. It can be measured either in nominal terms which include inflation, or in real terms that are adjusted for inflation. It is mainly influenced by unemployment, inflation, technology levels, rate of investment, population growth rate, among other factors. These factors are used further to explain the differences in the varying level of output per capita
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Applied Business Decision Models? Answer: XYZ Apparel (for Tables A, B, and C, and Questions 1 to 15, inclusive XYZ Apparel, a division of TBJD Clothing, is alarge national chain of womens apparel stores.Data was collected for 100 in-store credit card transactions from all its stores during one day while a special promotion was run. An Excel file containing the data is posted on the Blackboard EMBA 633 002 course website on the Announcements page under the Exam1 announcement. For Tables A, B, and C, inclusive, enterthe numerical value of your calculated results for the specified statistics. Report your values rounded to two (2) decimal places into the spaces provide in the tables below. For the quantitative variables, calculate the mean, median, mode, and midrange of all the sampled data. Statistic # Items Net Sales ($) Age (years) Mean 3.22 77.60 43.08 Median 2.00 59.71 42.00 Mode 1.00 31.60 46.00 Midrange 9.00 150.41 49.00 For the quantitative variables, calculate the first quartile (Q1), third quartile (Q3), midquartile, interquartile range (IQR) of all the sampled data. Statistic # Items Net Sales ($) Age (years) Q1 1.00 39.60 32.00 Q3 4.00 100.90 50.00 Midquartile 2.50 70.25 41.00 IQR 3.00 61.30 18.00 For the quantitative variables, calculate the sample range (R), standard deviation (s), and coefficient of variation (CV) of all the sampled dat Statistic # Items Net Sales Age R 16.00 274.36 58.00 s2 7.49 3098.59 153.49 s 2.74 55.66 12.39 CV 84.97 71.73 28.76 For each of problems 1 through 15 below, enter your short responses below each statement. Report anycalculated results rounded to three (3) decimal places. What is the population that is being sampled? Customers buying XYZ apparel. a. Is the data for each quantitative variable discrete or continuous? Items is discrete while net sales and age is continuous What is the measurement scale of each quantitative variable? Ratio Of the sampled data: How old is a customer expected to be? Customer is expected to be between the age of 49 years How many items is a customer expected to purchase perin-store credit card transaction? Customer is expected to buy 9 # items. How much money is a customer expected to spend per in-store credit card transaction? Customer is expected to spend $ 150.41. In general: How old is a customer expected to be? Mean age is 43.08 years How many items is a customer expected to purchase perin-storecredit card transaction? Mean # items is 3.22 How much money is a customer expected to spend per in-store credit card transaction? Mean net sales is $ 77.60 How good is the calculated sample mean at representing (a) number of items purchased, (b) net sales amount, and (c) customer age?Briefly state why. To represent net sales amount and customer age mean can be used to represent the population as they are continuous variables while # items is a discrete variable with few extreme values which are influencing mean. How strongly should the mean(a) number of items purchased, (b) net sales amount, and (c) customer age be expected? Briefly state why for each. Mean should be used to represent age as midrange is close to mean while for # items and net sales there is lot of difference between mid range and mean. Also, it can be noticed that there are few high values for # items and net sales which influence mean to a greater extent. What is the most usual (a) number of items purchased, (b) net sales amount, and (c) customer age? M ost usual a) # items is 1, b) net sales amount is 31.60, c) customer age is 46.00 Suppose a customer spends $65. Is this a high or low amount? Briefly state why. We will test it through z-test - x=$65, = 77.60, = 55.66, n =100 z = (x-)//n = (65-77.60)/55.66/10 = -2.264 From z-table, p(z) = p(-2.264) = .0119 The p-value obtained is less than 5% level of significance, hence, the amount spend is low. Do the sample data for (a) number of items purchased, (b) net sales amount, and (c) customer age show high or low relative variability? Briefly state why for each. Age shows low variability with a value of 28.76% while # items and net sales shows high variability with values of 84.97 % and 71.73 %, respectively. For # items and net sales there are few high values which influence mean and causes variation. Are the data for (a) number of items purchased, (b) net sales amount, and (c) customer age skewed or not skewed? If skewed, which way?Briefly state why for each. All the thr ee variables # items, age and net sales are skewed to the right with most of the values bunched up towards right with mean greater than median. Describe the clustering of the inner half of the ordered data for (a) number of items purchased, (b) net sales amount, and (c) customer age. Briefly state why for each. Clustering = IQR/R 1) # items 3/16 = 0.187 2) net sales amount 61.30/274.36 = 0.223 3) age 18/58 = 0.310 Are there any outlier values of (a) number of items purchased, (b) net sales amount, and (c) customer age in the sample data (yes or no)? If yes, state the specific value or values which are the outliers. Yes. a) For # items 6 outliers are identified with values 9, 10, 13 and 17 b) For age one outlier identified is with value 78 yrs c) For net sales amount 5 outliers are identified with values $ 198.80, 229.50, 253, 266 and 287.59 Would you recommend using the midrange as an approximation for the expected (a) number of items purchased, (b) net sales amount, and (c) customer age? Briefly state why for each. Mid range can be used as an approximation for the customer age but not for # items and net sales amount as there is lot of difference between mean and mid range values for # items and net sales. Clothes R Us(Questions 16 to 21, inclusive) A sample of n = 22 in-store credit card transactions was collected for another TBJD holding, Clothes R Us. Sample statistics for the net sales amount have been calculated and the results are reported in the paragraph below. Per transaction, the mean net sales amount is $64.45 with a standard deviation of $21.15. The median net sales amountis $57.20. The sampled net sales amountshave no mode. The smallest amount is $19.08 and the highest amount is $218. Generally, how much money is a customer expected to spend at Clothes R Us? Customer is expected to spent $ 118.54. I s there relatively high or low variability in the sampled net sales amountsforClothes R Us? Briefly state why. Relatively low variability is observed with coefficient of variation of 32.816%. How strongly should the value reported for question 14 be expected for Clothes R Us? Are the sampled net sales amountsfor Clothes R Usskewed or not skewed?If it is skewed, which way? They are skewed to the right with mean greater than median. a. Are there any outliers in the sample of net sales amounts for Clothes R Us? If yes, which specific value or values are the outliers? Are the values identified in part b outliers for XYZ Apparel? Comparison of XYZ ApparelandClothes R Us (Questions 22 to 25, inclusive) Suppose a customer spends $65.87. For XYZ Apparel: Would this be about expected or unexpected? About unexpected Would this be a high or a low amount? We will test it through z-test - x=$65.87, = 77.60, = 55.66, n =100 z = (x-)//n = (65.87-77.60)/55.66/10 = -2.11 From z-ta ble, p(z) = p(-2.11) = .0174 As v alue is less than mean so this is a Low amount. Would this be usual or unusual? As the p-value is less than 0.05 level of significance so this is an unusual case. For Clothes R Us: Would this be about expected or unexpected? Unexpected. Would this be a high or a low amount? We will test it through z-test - x=$65.87, = 64.45, = 21.15, n =22 z = (x-)//n = (65.87-64.45)/21.15/22 = 0.315 From z-table, p(z) = p(0.315) = .6217 As value is greater than mean so this is a high amount but still comparable to mean. Would this be usual or unusual? As the p-value is greater than 0.05 level of significance so this is an usual case. Which of the two data samples for net sales amount is more variable, the one forXYZ Apparel or the one for Clothes R Us? Briefly state why. XYZ apparel as CV value is 71.73% which is quiet high as compared to low CV for Clothes R Us (32.82%) Which of the two clothing companies, XYZ Apparel or Clothes R Us, is genera lly more reliable as regards net sales amount? Briefly state why. Clothes R Us because it is less variable and the diffrenec between mean and median is also less. a. On average, which of the clothing companies, XYZ Apparel or Clothes R Us, is expected to have a highernet sales amount per transaction? XYZ Apparel On average, how much higher is the expected net sales amount? $ 31.87 Frequency Description for theXYZ Apparelsample (Questions 26 to 30, inclusive) Present below a frequency and relative frequency distribution for the net sales amounts for XYZ Apparel. Use the methodology presented and demonstrated in class. Class frequency percent 0-20 4 4.0 20-40 22 22.0 40-60 25 25.0 60-80 16 16.0 80-100 7 7.0 100-120 10 10.0 120-140 2 2.0 140-160 6 6.0 160-180 2 2.0 180-200 2 2.0 200-220 0 0.0 220-240 1 1.0 240-260 1 1.0 260-280 1 1.0 280-300 1 1.0 Present below the relative frequency histogram of net sales amount according to your distributions in part 23. On the basis of the distribution you made above in part 23: a. Is this distribution skewed or not? If it is skewed, which way? Skewed to the right Is your conclusion in question25.aconsistent with your result stated inquestion10? (Pick either yes or no.) If its not, explain why. Yes In general, as a class range of money, how much money is most typically spent at XYZ Apparel? $ 40-60 As a percentage, generally how typical is this most typical range? 25% Overall What assumptions did you have to make about the samples drawn for XYZ Apparel and for Clothes R Us to come to all of your conclusions so far on this exam. The data collected is random sampled and is normally distributed. (NEnd of Exam 1) References: 1) A Measure of Relative Variability. Available from: https://www.medialabinc.net/spg131067/a_measure_of_relative_variability.aspx [accessed on 19/02/2015] 2) Relative Frequency. Available from: https://www.mathsisfun.com/data/relative-frequency.html [accessed on 19/02/2015]
Friday, April 3, 2020
The effectiveness of the transformation of the Desert Scene from text to screen Essay Baz Luhrmann has used many very effective film techniques in transforming the Mantua scene from text to screen. Through the choice of specific setting, music and camera techniques, he has emphasised the role of fate and haste in the lovers tragedy. The setting of Mantua in a barren, desert environment reinforces the isolation of Romeos banishment. With the harsh, unrelenting sun engulfing the scene with a strong orange light, it provides a stark contrast to earlier scenes where the love between Romeo and Juliet blossomed. The desert is a sterile environment, where in the absence of water, life ceases to exist. Baz Luhrmann has effectively employed the visual juxtaposition of water and desert to convey Romeos isolation. Even the caravans, a temporary residence, are situated far apart. But the desert does not only convey a literal setting, it is also symbolic of Romeos emotional desert. Without Juliet, Romeos life is barren and sterile. This metaphorical setting highlights the depth and true love between Romeo and Juliet. Romeos love for Juliet is not an infatuation, but rather having known her, his life becomes meaningless without her. We see Romeo writing in his isolation, and his emotions are clearly conveyed through the use of voice-over monologue. Him half mouthing the words makes what he is writing more natural and realistic. Yet the words themselves are ominous and foreshadowing death, where Romeo dreamt that he had died and yet been revived by Juliet. These innocent dreams are so close to the truth that it builds up tension in the film. Music and sound effects play a vital role in conveying emotions and affecting how audiences react to visual images. Baz Luhrmann uses music in the scene to further highlight Romeos isolation and build up tension. We will write a custom essay sample on The effectiveness of the transformation of the Desert Scene from text to screen specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The effectiveness of the transformation of the Desert Scene from text to screen specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The effectiveness of the transformation of the Desert Scene from text to screen specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The scene begins with Romeos theme music, a haunting, single-note melody. The music reverberates around the empty desert to emphasis the isolation. This music also takes the audience back to when we were first introduced to Romeo, in a similar melancholy mood as an unrequited lover. We come to associate this music with loneliness, despair and rejection. The music intensifies to a crescendo as another character, Balthasar, approaches the scene. It builds up to a climax for the fateful news, yet the scene is silent as Romeo receives the misinformed news. The silence allows Romeo to absorb the revelations, yet the audience is drawn into the action with this dramatic irony and we watch in anguish at the consequences of Balthasars mistake. The music changes again near the end of the scene, where it becomes a throbbing, relentless pulse. The strong beat forewarns of the actions that are going to take place, and builds up tension in the audience. The scene begins with the camera slowly sweeping across the desert and the next shot is a close-up focus on Romeos face. This close-up shot is very important as it reveals many small details. We are able to clearly identify with Romeos emotions, but more importantly, we are reminded by the scar and ring of dominating issues in the film. The scar is a remnant of Romeos fight with Tybalt and symbolises the violence and hatred in Verona. Violence and social decay is one of the main ideas explored by Baz Luhrmann in the film and the scar shows that even in isolation, Romeo can never completely escape from the realities of Verona society. This violence is further reinforced by the fleeting image of Romeo reaching for his gun as he sees the approaching car. Violence is so predominant and there is such mistrust in the society that weapons are used without a thought. The other important element seen in this close-up shot is the chain around Romeos neck, given to him by Juliet with her crucifix and her wedding ring. This reminds us of their love and Romeos connection with Juliet even in banishment. Yet this image is ironic in that once again, there is the juxtaposition of opposites, where the chain symbolises the love between Romeo and Juliet, but the scar, symbolic of the hatred between the families, forbids and restrains this love. This image relates to the foundations of the tragedy, where love is forbidden because of the feud. There is a dramatic change in mood as Romeo is told of the terrible news, and the camera reflects this with a high-angle shot of Romeo collapsed on the ground. This angle from above emphasises his vulnerability and despair. He is pushed to the lowest and as his body is silhouetted against the setting sun, Romeo faces a life of hopelessness without Juliet. The long angle shot afterwards show Romeo and Balthasar as tiny figures in a vast expanse of desert and lead to the idea of fate in the tragedy. It seems almost as if Romeo is overpowered by external forces, a small puppet on a large stage where he has no control over events. The central idea of fate is further reinforced by Romeo treading over the urgent telegram. The audience sees clearly how close the film was to a happy ending and fate is encapsulated by the final dramatic irony, where the mailman watches Romeo speeding off in haste, moments too late. The terrible timing of events show haste to also be a deciding factor in the chain of events, with the first shot of Balthasar overtaking the mail-van in his haste to reach Romeo and ending with Romeo speeding off, leaving the consequential telegram behind. Baz Luhrmanns has very successfully conveyed the ideas in the Shakespearean text through the use of effective film techniques. His choice of a desert environment, use of camera angles and music reinforces the role of fate and haste in the tragedy and reminds us that the juxtaposition of love and violence is never far away.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Information management systems Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢Purpose and need for information systems in small and medium business enterprisesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ The WritePass Journal
Information management systems Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢Purpose and need for information systems in small and medium business enterprisesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ 1. Introduction Information management systems Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢Purpose and need for information systems in small and medium business enterprisesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ 1. Introduction2. Literature Review2.1WHY DO WE NEED INFORMATION SYSTEMS2.2 INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES2.3 OUTCOME OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN BUSINESS ENTERPRISES3. Research Objectives and Research Questions4. Research Design5. Data collection and analysis6. Time ScaleReferencesRelated 1. Introduction This project intends to investigate the impact of information system on the success of Small and medium enterprises. Almost all the successful big enterprises have embraced information system in their various businesses. It is generally believed, that information technology enables a firm to access information needed to make decisions, to make an efficient use of resources by reducing labour and manufacturing costs, to seize opportunities in its markets and to position itself effectively in relation to its contenders (Dirks, 1994).Unfortunately, it is the same environment both big and SMEÃ¢â¬â¢s operate and there is a need for the small enterprises to survive in this environment. We live in a very competitive world with the competition becoming fiercer. It has become so volatile that it takes more than success to stay alive. The threat posed to SME by the big enterprises is such that they can be swallowed at anytime. One of the ways by which SMEÃ¢â¬â¢s can achieve a competitive advantage in the era of globalization is through the implementation of IS in their organizations. Implementation and practice of IS comes at a cost and its increasing high cost is a concern to management, especially in SMEs sector. With lack of sufficient funds to acquire such skills smaller organizations often implement IS in a less than optimal way, thereby attaining fewer benefits than larger organizations (Delone, 1988). The decision to invest the few available funds on information technology need to be worth it as SMEÃ¢â¬â¢s donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the luxury of fund big enterprises have. Traditionally, the success of Information Systems (IS) has been studied in the context of large organisations, most businesses, however, are small and medium Enterprises (SMEs) and they have increasingly adopted packaged application software to meet their information processing requirements. Small- and medium-sized enterprises exert a strong influence on the economies of all countries, particularly in the fast-changing and increasingly competitive global market (Anaroni 1994; Drilhon and Estime 1993). They have been a major engine of economic growth and technological progress (Mulhern, 1995; Thornburg 1993). Carrier (1994) said that SMEs are often more fertile than larger firms in terms of innovation. Most IS research focuses on large firms, yet the majority of firms in most economies are SMEs. It is amazing how SMEÃ¢â¬â¢s form the bedrock of every countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economy yet they always find it hard to survive not to talk of competing in an environment where the big enterprises have enormous edge. Though these SMEÃ¢â¬â¢s canÃ¢â¬â¢t match the financial investment of the big enterprises, they need to find a way of balancing their investment to keep abreast of what is happening in their environment. Some SMEÃ¢â¬â¢s have decided to overlook the cost of investing in IS as they 2. Literature Review Given the dominance of worldwide competition and high rate of technological change, there will be some challenges, which most SMEs are likely to have in common (Marri et al., 2000). Blili and Raymonds (1997) identified the need and usefulness of information systems strategies (ISS) in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). In the transformational role, IS helps to Fundamentally redefine and alter the business processes and business relationships. These benefits could range from simple cost reduction to creation of new businesses or enhanced organizational capabilities (King and Teo, 1996; Feeny and Willcocks, 1998). Palvia and Palvia (1999) stressed on key areas of IT dissatisfactions that are: training and education, software maintenance, documentation and vendor support. According to them software Vendors and consultants can appropriately address these deficiencies. These issues can be addressed well by having a proper IS management in place in an organization. Poon and Swatman (1999) reported on internet use in small business sector as a part of IS management and found that although use of e-mail was very popular for business communication and documents transfer, there was almost no integration between the Internet and internal applications. 2.1WHY DO WE NEED INFORMATION SYSTEMS Information has become very important to the modern business organization that it is seen as its lifeblood. Information systems help an organization manage and make efficient use of its data to achieve utmost success. There has been more information produced in the last 30 years than during the previous 5,000. The information supply available to us doubles every five years. Information system enables companies to react, respond, cater, store, retrieve, disseminate, and control their new valuable asset that is information. In the years to come, a good information system within a company will be no longer an option; it will become a compulsory in determining success. The term IT is defined in broad sense as Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Ëtechnologies dedicated to information storage, processing and communicationÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ (Ang and Koh, 1997). This notion of IT focuses on a combination of hardware, software, telecommunications and office equipments that transform raw data into useful information for speedy retrieval (Seyal et al., 2000). Blili and Raymonds (1997) identified the need and Usefulness of information systems strategies (ISS) in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEÃ¢â¬â¢s). 2.2 INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES Many smaller firms now utilize computer-based information systems (IS). Top managers in these small firms have a crucial role to play in the development of IS, but the nature of this role differs sharply from that usually undertaken by the senior manager of the larger firm (Martin,JÃ 1989) There is little doubt that advanced information and communication technologies (IT) are changing the way businesses operate and conduct commerce. As the advent of a more secure Internet and new transmission standards makes it easier and cheaper for businesses to conduct inter-organizational commerce.( Khazanchi,D 2005) 2.3 OUTCOME OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IT investments had a positive relation with the IS management practices. Increasing investments in IT and strategic role played by information systems (IS) make IT Implementation as an important research issue within the MIS discipline (Bostrom and Heinen, Ã 1977). Schein (1992) and Zuboff (1988) outlined three major roles Ã that IS could play in an organization: (1) Automate; (2) Informate; and (3) Transformate. The automate role refers to mere replacement of labour processes by technology. In the InformateÃ Ã role, IS provides data and information that empowers different levels of Management Ã and Ã Ã organizational employees. In the transformational role, IS helps to Fundamentally redefine and alter the business processes and business relationships. These Benefits could range from simple cost reduction to creation of new businesses or enhanced Organizational capabilities Ã (King and Teo, 1996; Feeny and Willcocks, 1998). Palvia and Palvia (1999) stressed on key areas of IT dissatisfactions that are: training and education, Software maintenance, documentation and vendor support. According to them software Vendors and consultants can appropriately address these deficiencies. These issues can be Addressed well by having a proper IS management in place in an organization. 3. Research Objectives and Research Questions The general objective of the study is to ascertain the need for information systems in modern day small and medium business enterprise. How much are they loosing out as a result of their unwillingness to invest in information system or is the price being paid for the competitive edge provided by information system too expensive? It looks at the benefit accrued to the small and medium enterprises that have embraced information systems.I wish to create a relationship between the cost of investment in information systems and the gains accrue to small and medium organizations that have embraced it. I also intend to look at how small and medium entrepreneurs feel about the need for information systems in their business. It will also be interesting to know how much they are willing to invest in information systems even if they feel it is needed. 4. Research Design Research methodology involves qualitative method due to the nature of the work. It will be ideal to get detailed information about the operations of the small and medium enterprises because they have different challenges; these challenges affect the running of the organizations in different ways. I intend to carry out a series of one on one interview with a number of small and medium entrepreneurs. There are two categories of entrepreneurs that I wish to interview, those that have embrace information systems and those that are yet to. 5. Data collection and analysis Both primary and secondary data will be collected for this project. Primary data will be collected from SMEÃ¢â¬â¢s especially through interview and It is intended to retrieve the required secondary data from available financial sources to measure the performance of enterprises that use IS and those that donÃ¢â¬â¢t use it, only data from regulated bodies will be processed 6. Time Scale Working to meet the project submission deadline, there will be critical reading of relevant materials, regular meeting with the supervisor and also to conduct interviews with some SME business owners. References Ang, J. and Koh, S. (1997), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËExploring the relationships between user information satisfactionÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢,Ã International Journal of Information Management, Vol. 17 No. 3, pp. 169-77. Ã Blili, S. and Raymonds, L. (1997), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËAdopting EDI in a network enterprise: the case of subcontractingÃ SMEsÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, European Journal of Purchasing Supply Management, Vol. 3 No. 3, pp. 165-75. Bostrom, R. and Heinen, J. (1977), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËMIS problems and failures: a Ã sociotechnical Ã perspective-part-theÃ CausesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, MIS Quarterly, Vol. 1 No. 3, pp. 17-32. Delone, W.H. (1988), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËDeterminants of success for computer usage in small businessÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, MIS Quarterly,Ã Dirks, P. (1994), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËMIS investments for operations management: relevant costs and revenuesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 35, pp. 137-48. Feeny, D.F. and Willcocks, L.P. (1998),Ã Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËCore IS capabilities for exploiting information technologyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, Sloan Management Review, Vol. 39 No. 3, pp. 9-22. Khazanchi, Deepak,(2005) Information Technology (IT) Appopriateness: The contingency theory Ã FIT AND IT implementation in small and medium enterprises, The Journal of Computer Information Systems King, W.R. and Teo, T.S.H. (1996), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËKey dimensions of facilitators and inhibitors for the strategic use ofÃ Information technologyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol. 12 No. 4, Ã pp. 35-54. Martin, C.J. (1989), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËInformation management in the smaller business: the role of the top managerÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ Marri, H.B., Gunasekaran, A. and Grieve, R.J. (2000), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËPerformance measurements in theÃ Implementation of CIM in small medium enterprises: an empirical analysisÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, International Journal ofÃ Production Research, Vol. 38 No. 17, pp. 4403-11 Palvia, P., Means, D.W. andJackson, W.M. (1994), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËDeterminants of computing in very small businessÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢,Ã Information Management, Vol. 27, pp. 161-74. Palvia, P. and Palvia, S. (1999), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Ëan examination of the IT satisfaction of small usersÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, InformationÃ Management, Vol. 35, pp. 127-37. Poon, S. and Swatman, P. (1999), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Ëan exploratory study of small business internet commerce issuesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢,Ã Information Management, Vol. 35, pp. 9-18. Schein, E.H. (1992), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Ëthe role of the CEO in the management of change: the case of informationÃ TechnologyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, in Kochan, T.A. and Useem, M. (Eds), Transforming Organizations,OxfordUniversityÃ Press,Ã Ã Oxford. Seyal, A., Rahim, M. and Rahim, N. (2000), Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Ëan empirical investigation of the use of informationÃ Technology among small and medium business organizations: a Bruneian scenarioÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, Vol. 2 No. 7, pp. 1-17. Zuboff, S. (1988), In the Age of Smart Machine: The Future of Work and Power, Basic Books,New York,Ã NY.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Technology Improves Transportations - Research Paper Example The researcher states that transportation today is one of the most crucial and basic ingredient of all the field of human life, especially of international trade e.g. shipping, agriculture, food industry, construction, traveling, tourism, and number of other business fields, that simply cannot go ahead even a single step without the support of transportation. The safe and secure carrying of passengers, speedy deliverance of products, and preservation of quality of different commodities are most important issues for the success of transportation companies. Due to this reason, users consult reliable companies which utilize the latest modes of transportation and technologies for efficient delivery. The use of latest technologies has introduced new trends in transportation industry and put certain direct implications on different actors associated with this field. These actors include infrastructure (e.g. roads, highways, bridges, railways, subways, tramways, airports, seaports etc), mod es of transportation (e.g. buses, cars, rails, trams, planes, freights etc), and functions pertaining to of transportation industry. Since users keep themselves continuously engage with new innovative services in all facets of life, therefore, by focusing on transportation industry, this research paper describes the development of modern technologies and their ultimate impact on the improvement of different aspects of transportation as well as enhancing easiness in transportation today and increasing it's flow capacity.... But its drawback is that it is much time consuming than other modes of transportations. It is basically the blessing of modern technology which enabled the construction of roads, airports, railways, subways, and trams. Asphalt compactors are used for speedy compaction and finishing of roads. Hydraulic Trucks have the capacity to lift 200 to 250 tons of loads due to having a swing-away lattice jib extension which provides it additional 30Ã¢â¬â¢ to 40Ã¢â¬â¢ of length. Besides these equipment, excavators, fork lifter, pavers, trenchers, crawler loaders, and some other miscellaneous machinery is used throughout the world to construct and repair the roads and highways in speedy way (Vehicle Valuation Services, Inc). Air transportation is one of the leading services in transportation industry. Heavy constructing technology is operated for the construction and re-carpeting of runways. Auto sweeper transports are being used to prevent the air traffic from Field Object Damages which may p roduce very serious outcomes for planes. The application of advanced crash tenders on airports, for rescue and firefighting services, have increased the transportation safety manifold. FLF Panther, Alvis Salamander, E-1, and MB are some most modern crash tenders presently in use at numbers of airports. Installation of Doppler Radars and Automated Weather Observation Systems, have also increased the safety of aircraft from any environmental effect (CopRadar.com). Improvement in Transportation Modes The world had never such huge numbers of transportation modes as today it has. In ancient times, human used to travel on animals. Today, it has automobiles, buses, rails, trams, subways, ships, and aircraft to go from one place to other or to cargo its products anywhere